Sunday, May 24, 2020

Social Identity Theory Prepared By Josh Cramer Montes

SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY Prepared by Josh Cramer-Montes Social identity theory was developed by British social psychologists Henri Tajfel and John Turner in the 1970s and 1980s. This theory analyzes the process through which individuals identify and value their membership within a group, and how groups interact with one another in social contexts. Tajfel was specifically interested in analyzing identity and group favoritism on the one hand, followed by stereotyping and discrimination, which could evolve into violence and conflict, on the other (BBC, 2011 - ?). His interest in this analysis was fueled by his experiences as a Polish Jew who was one of the few people he knew in his community to survive the Holocaust during World War II (BBC,†¦show more content†¦Tajfel’s experiment signaled a significant departure from the largely North American psychological school of thought at the time, which believed that prejudice was caused by individual personalities and bias was a result of competition between groups. It highlighted t he fact that individuals had a natural, cognitive bias, which meant that competition was not necessary and that personalities were not relevant (BBC, 2012). Tajfel outlined these ideas in his article, Cognitive Aspects of Prejudice, first published in 1969. According to Simply Psychology, Tajfel and Turner proposed the following three mental processes take place in evaluating others as â€Å"us† or â€Å"them† i.e. â€Å"in-group† or â€Å"out-group† through a series of social categorization, social identification and social comparison. Social categorization is the process through which people are naturally inclined to categorize themselves into one or more groups such as social classes, ethnic groups and sports, all of which serve as a source of identity and self-esteem. Furthermore, they provide individuals with a sense of belonging in a social world. Members of in in-group may find an increase emotional strength and coping skills associated with their group membership. Individuals within these groups self-categorize and implement, subconsciously or consciously, strategies

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Brave New World By Aldous Huxley - 1965 Words

Neal Mars Professor Bradley English 1102 February 19, 2015 Brave New World â€Å"Aldous Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’ is largely about what we got – a consumerist post God happy land †¦Ã¢â‚¬  This quote from Kyle Smith in his article about Brave New World is an example on how the world is becoming the dystopia that Aldous Huxley created in Brave New World. In Brave New World people are taken away from reality by a drug called soma, the belief in Henry Ford as a God instead of a person, the technological control from birth that changes what a person wants to something that the government wants the citizen to know, the fear or an all powering state, and the alienation of people forced into a society they don’t want to be in or are not wanted in. Soma a drug that supplies instant gratification to a person in the Brave New World is similar to how technology today supplies people with a way to shut out the rest of the world and enter another world, the fantasy world! In Brave New World soma is used to control the populous and keep them from realizing how little freedom they have. Soma in the book is similar to how technology can alter what us citizens think and act towards the government today. â€Å"Led some to suggest that technological evolution is more important to humanity’s near future than biological evolution †¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Tim Wu) Aldous Huxley predicted just this. In Brave New World pregnancy is no more and having your own child does not exist, but instead they make people out of technologyShow MoreRelatedA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley668 Words   |  3 PagesIn Brave New World, there are similarities that have a deeper meaning that we can understand. There are personal effects in Aldous Huxley life that contribute to what he has written in the book. Aldous Huxley throughout his life have seen, done, and events have happened to him, just like all of us, but he has expressed it in his book. So when Ald ous wrote the he had so many ideas. I have read the book; it’s notRead MoreBrave New World by Aldous Huxley811 Words   |  3 Pages Brave New World is based around characters who gave up the right of freedom for happiness; characters who ignored the truth so that they could live in a utopian civilization. The deceiving happiness was a constant reminder throughout the book. Almost every character in Brave New World did whatever they could to avoid facing the truth about their own situations. In this society, happiness is not compatible with the truth because the World State believes that happiness was at the expense of theRead MoreBrave New World By Aldous Huxley1525 Words   |  7 PagesA Brave New Feminist The novel Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley in 1932 is known for its social satire, utopian values, and unusual standpoints on stereotypical gender roles. In this time where futuristic technology has completely taken over, and men and women are given the same opportunities for everything, â€Å"the genders appear equal within the social order; both men and women work at the same jobs, have equal choice in sexual partners, and participate in the same leisure pursuits† (MarchRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley664 Words   |  3 Pagesfor the fact being in the future and in the past time has changed and many differences were made. In his Dystopian Society Huxley portrays masses of niches where the government produces clones for specific reasons. Huxley decides throughout Brave New World that cloning humans is unethical. He then becomes in contact with the society’s most powerful Alphas and Betas clones. Huxley suggest in BNW that lower class groups in clo ning humans to act like servants to terrorize them into working hard conditionsRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley1189 Words   |  5 Pages In the world of sex, drugs, and baby cloning you are going to be in many situations where you feel like the world we live in should be different. In the story Brave New World, they had sex with multiple partners along with a very bad use of drugs. It is weird that Aldous Huxley wrote this book in 1931 about the world he was living in during that time and how it is similar to the world we live in today. Nowadays, drugs are still being used and people are still engaging in sexual encounters withRead MoreBrave New World By Aldous Huxley968 Words   |  4 PagesAldous Huxley’s utopia in Brave New World foreshadowed and illuminated the complications within modern day society. Upon its release, the narrative became widely banned all over the United States due to the unorthodox thoughts and actions of multiple characters in it. Early readers, as well as modern day audiences, feared and rejected the ideals that Huxley incorporated into his perfect society; however, our society today is heading towards the dark paths the older generations desired to avoid. Read MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley895 Words   |  4 Pagesthe novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley tells of a society where everyone is the same but, compared to t oday’s society, everything is different. Huxley tells of a world where everything that happens or takes place is because of one’s own desire and nothing more. The hero in the novel, a â€Å"savage† named John, is Huxley’s main focal point. It is through his eyes and mind that the reader sees what’s going on. Now when I read this novel, I began to think, â€Å"Could this perfect, conformed world actuallyRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley1684 Words   |  7 Pagesimperfect world and is usually only a hopeful dream. These types of worlds can greatly be described in detail through the world of science fiction. Aldous Huxley was an English writer who lived during a time when war and chaos were engulfing the world. His works reflect his view and thoughts on a dystopia, which is a false utopia, and describes what could occur in possible governments of the world. The ability to understand and dive into the thoughts of the author is what make s world literatureRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley614 Words   |  2 Pagesthem truly happy. What if someone were to tell you that what you thought was true happiness was all an illusion. In a Brave New World by Aldous Huxley people in the world state are conditioned and drugged up by soma to not experience true happiness. In a world that is perfect, human beings do not have to depend on drugs to keep our world in balance. In a Brave New World by Aldous Huxley there is always a perfect drug called soma that keeps everyone happy, which they have based their society on. ThisRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley948 Words   |  4 PagesWelcome to a world were â€Å"Brave† is not just a word; It has a true meaning. This is a story were everything as you know it, doesn’t seem to be right and will completely change your way of thinking. When this story was written, life was very harsh for many people†¦.Mostly for the author who wrote â€Å"Brave New World† During this time (1930s) they didn’t have much sexual content Living The Future Of The Past In The Present†¦.. In the air; But Aldous made a future full of sex for them and we are the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Importance of Technical Education Free Essays

Technical Education plays a vital role in human resource development of the country by creating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the quality of life. Technical Education covers courses and programmes in engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy and applied arts crafts, hotel management and catering technology. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions Self-financed institutions. We will write a custom essay sample on Importance of Technical Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now The 65 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: IITs | 15| IIMs | 13| IISc. , Bangalore| 1| IISERs| 5| NITs| 30| IIITs| 4| NITTTRs| 4| Others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, NITIE NIFFT, CIT)| 9| TOTAL| 81| Besides the above, there are four Boards of Apprenticeship Training (BOATs). The Central Government is also implementing the following schemes/programmes: – (i)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) assisted by the World Bank. (ii)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Indian National Digital Library for Science Technology (INDEST). There is one Public Sector Undertaking, namely, Educational Consultants India Ltd. (Ed. CIL) under the Ministry. There are also Apex Councils, namely the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Council of Architecture (COA). IMPORTANCE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION. Education is important for every individual in a nation. It plays a vital role to change the stare of a country. No country could bring a revolution in it unless its everybody are educated enough to meet the challenges. Education makes a man realize about himself and his goals and how to achieve that goals. Basically, Education is divided into three groups. The Education which teaches the concerns of a society is called Social Education. The Education which develops a personality inside a man himself is called Spiritual Education. The Education that concerns with the professionalism is called Vocational Education. The Technical Education comes under the branch of Vocational Education which deals practically in the field of trade, commerce, agriculture, medicine Engineering. We are living in the modern age of science where we found Technologies in every aspect of life. What makes life so brain friendly for us simply; these are the Technologies which we use for our ease and comforts. Not only in our daily life but also in the research centre, in defensive measured of a country, biological aspects etc. No nation could generate the progress unless it promotes technical aspects in its fields. The technical education produces technicians for all type of industries and it is true that the progress of a country much depend upon its Industrialization without which a handsome economy would not be possible. Using a technology is far easier than to develop it. For developing a technology, it needed high skill teams which have a high data for the theme. It also needed a high amount of time and also money. To fulfill all these, there must be technical institutes which must cover all the faculties of technological studies and also the support of government to support financially to contruct it at international level. If it would be at International level then it would be easier to students to grab data in their own state so that they could do something for their own country. Pakistan leads in the technological era. The exhibition canters in Pakistan plays a vital role in backing up the technicians to come up with more and more new technologies because it gives reflection of our technologies to the foreigners which are representing their country, which means we are reflecting our image to that world. By this we have a sense of development and prosperity that we also produce creative mind in the technological aspect. As far as Pakistans implementation in techno field is concern, we might look around and observe that in every field of life we are using high class technologies whether it is in the Industrial purpose, business purpose, agriculture purpose or defensive purpose. There has been a lot of emergence of on-line trading, which deals with high technological concerns in term of machinery and software. Pakistan Telecommunication field also deal with high-class technology. Pakistan also promises to produce best technicians of its own through their technical education centers which allow approximately all the faculties for technical development. These institutes also support the new courses of technology which are introduced at a instant so that there would be no line at which we lay behind. The most important institutes of in Pakistan which support the technical courses incorporate, NED University, GIK University, Karachi University, Mehran University and there are also some other private Universities which deal in technological subjects. These institutes promise to produce technicians who cold meet the challenges of the technological era. I feel proud when I watch the students rushing towards these technical institutes to become a prosperous technician who have a sense of responsibility for the progress of their nation. Technical education promotes the material prosperity and economic advancement. It produces the sense of self-respect and dignity. If a country has her own technical experts, she may save a lot of foreign exchange i. e. Technical Education makes a country rich, prosperous and resourceful. Our country is rich in raw material resources but the thing is, we must have enough technical information to benefit from them. How to cite Importance of Technical Education, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Effective Business Communication in Data Solutions - Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Effective Business Communication in Data Solutions. Answer: Introduction: The communication audit process refers to the numerous methods of the researches that are used for the identification of the key strengths and the weaknesses that are experienced by the concerned company at a certain given point of time. The concern that is dealt with in the following essay is Data Solutions, a company that deals with the software related to the management of data. The company is located in the Australian city of Brisbane. The following essay deals with the three major issues that have been identified in the communication audit of the company. The essay deals with the qualitative significances of the various identified issues and proceeds further to put forth some recommendations for the solution of the same. The communication audit of the data management software company has revealed the fact that there are several major issues that the company has been facing in both the internal and the external affairs of the concerned organization. One of the crucial issues that the company has been facing relates to the choice of the communication medium that is being used by the various members of the workforce of the company in terms of the target audience of the communication and the addressal context of the communication. The correct form of the communication generally depends on the numerous situations that need to be handled by the various staff members of the organization. The employees of the organization might face a huge lot of misunderstandings and miscommunications with the lack of the proper choice of the communication channels that need to be adapted in order to complete the concerned communication with the target audience or fulfill the requirements of the context for the addressal of the concerned issue. The wrong choice of the communication channel might also lead to the gap in the communication, which in turn might lead to hampering of the growth of the concerned organization. Data Solutions has also been facing some serious issues that pertain to the nature of the communication that takes place within the organization. The communication audit reveals that the communication that takes place within the organization is partial and is at times limited to certain departments of the organization. The audit further states that the communication within the organization does not reach some departments within the organization. This might have led to severe communicational issues within the organization. The experts suggest that this issue of the lack in the communication might lead to various adverse situations within the organization and might hamper the overall performance of the organization and act as a demotivating factor among the staff of the organization. The audit had also revealed the fact that the inter-organizational meetings of the organization were rendered to be ineffective. The ineffective meetings might also lead to the eventual decrease in the overall performance of the concern in terms of the external affairs of the organization. The ineffective meetings might hamper the implementation of the various strategic decisions that have been decided in these meeting, within the concern thereby stalling the growth of the concern in the concerned industry. Action steps to solve the problems The company might be advised to follow certain recommended courses of action in order to combat the various major issues that have been highlighted by the communication audit that had taken place at Data Solutions. In order to deal with the issues that pertain to the wrong choice of the communicational channels on the part of the employees of the organization, the concerned management of the organization might hold the various educational sessions and meetings. The concerned management body might be advised to hold numerous presentations, seminars and workshops in order to educate the concerned workforce of the organization on the various communicational channels that the concerned staff might abide by in order to deal with the concerned target audience. The workforce is also recommended a training session on the various channels of the communication that they might implement in order to address the various issues that have been occurring at the organization. This training might help the concerned members of the staff to avail the most apt channel of communication and thereby aid the overall growth of the concerned organization. The concerned management of the concern might also need to pay a greater amount of attention to the issues that might surface due to the lack of the proper communication within the organization. In order to address these issues, the management should encourage the use of the official communication channel for all official communications. The employees must be compelled to use the official communication handle of the organization in order to communicate with their seniors, employers and the workforce of the various other departments of the concern. The management should also keep a watch out for the fact that all the official communications that take place among the various members of the organizational workforce are documented for the purpose of future references. The documented communication might help in resolving any discrepancy that might arise within the concern in the future days to come. This might also help avoid the misunderstandings that might arise among the staff of the organization regarding any particular event or occurrence and in turn help in the overall growth of the concern. The other issue that had been bothering the organization is the ineffective nature of the inter-organizational meetings that had been taking place. In order to get rid of these conditions, the concerned management organization is advised to share all the minutes of the meeting with the members of the workforce of the organization. This might aid the various members of the organization to develop a clearer notion about the set goals of the organization and thus, makes it easier for them to abide by those. This might also help them to gain knowledge about the various strategies that are followed by the organization and thus help them to contribute towards the overall progress of the organization. In lieu of the above discussion, it might be pointed out that the data management software dealer must implement the various recommended steps in order to put across a solution to the issues that have been identified during the communication audit in the organization. The implementation of the recommended steps might help the concerned members of the organizational workforce to get motivated in performing the duties that have been assigned to them by the concerned management of the organization. this in turn might lead to the improvement of the overall performance of Data Solutions, Brisbane.

Friday, March 27, 2020

The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century Essay Example For Students

The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century Essay The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century (Renaissance History, 2008). It is a French word for rebirth. It also a revival of the classical art and intellect of Ancient Greece and Rome. The art in the Renaissance time was more life-like and contained perspective. (Interactive Schooling, 2013). It was perceived as a rebirth of ancient traditions, and later on it was a tradition. Some famous artists from the Renaissance were Leonardo Ad Vinci, Tinderbox, Ghetto, Raphael, etc. Now their painting are something really valuable and significant. The printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg in 1439 he changed the lives of people in Europe and, eventually, all over the world. A printing press is a device that uses pressure to transfer an image from some sort of prepared, inked surface to a receiving surface, like paper or cloth. (Weeklies, 2007). It was one of the great inventions of the modern age. During the renaissance in geography, astronomy, chemistry, physics, mathematics, manufacturing, and engineering occurred some great advances, science in those times was something that not everybody could know like now. Renaissance science spawned the Scientific Revolution; science and technology began a cycle of mutual advancement. (Winnie Whish, 2008). Some important Renaissance technologies were; mining and metallurgy, blast furnace enabled iron to be produced in significant quantities, finery forge enabled pig iron into bar iron, slitting mill chained the production of iron rods for nail making, smelt mill increased the output of lead over previous methods. We will write a custom essay on The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Renaissance artists and architects, produced some of the finest works that we know now. The Protestant Reformation during the 16th century in Europe ushered in a new artistic tradition that embraced the Protestant agenda and diverged drastically from the southern European tradition and the humanist art produced during the high Renaissance. (Art History, 2012)

Friday, March 6, 2020

Freud vs Adler Theories essays

Freud vs Adler Theories essays Sigmund Freud has held the distinction as the Founder of Psychoanalysis in contributing a revolutionary concept that emphasizes on the human unconscious (Boerre 1997). His theory on the energy sources he and his associate, Josef Breuer, called the id, ego and superego, make up the human psyche. They formulated that the id as the unconscious part that works on the eros or sexual life energy and the tanatos or anger/death energy. The ego energy source balances these energies, that is why people, in general, can function and coexist in society (Boeree). The ego is strong enough to control them. Freud and Breuer's theory, however, suggested that, sometimes, the id becomes more dominant and gets to control human behavior, such as during sleep when suppressed desires are revealed in dreams. The theory also holds that the superego is a person's mental image of his or her ideal self, which includes all the values and norms learned and internalized from the person's environment. The superego energy is, therefore, directly opposed to and by the id, and the ego endeavors to satisfy and keep both extremes balanced (Boeree). Freud also proposed that mental disorders develop in early childhood and go through the oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital stages. The phallic sub-theory that is well-known explains how sex-identity develops in an unconscious level (Boeree 1997) between the child and each parent, the boy developing the Oedipus Complex and the girl, the Electra Complex. Both concepts were unacceptable to the people of Freud's time, but his revolutionary analysis of the dynamics of the human psyche was nonetheless valued and remains popularly used (Pietersen 2004). His clinical research method has been widely applied in conversations with patients in analyzing and gaining insight into their behavioral pattern (Boeree). But Freud's theory has been criticized as not supporte...

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Inadequate nutrition and cognitive decline Essay

Inadequate nutrition and cognitive decline - Essay Example This course study will dwell on the subject of age-related cognitive decline and nutrition as a contributing factor. The lecture will cover the normal and the non-normal aging process of individuals and in particular how nutrients add up to the neurological well-being of the elderly. The hypothesis in this discussion is that: nutritional imbalance is a resultant factor in cognitive decline. We shall review related studies and literature to support this hypothesis which aims to create awareness among all individuals to continue trying to find the nearest approach to cure and prevention of cognitive abnormalities.As the human body tends to grow with age, a certain amount of memory decline is felt which includes the minute reductions or delay in thought processing. For others though, a magnitude of reduction beyond what may be considered "normal" and are relentlessly progressive, robbing individuals of their memories, intellect, and eventually their abilities to recognize close members of their families may concurrently result to a certain cognitive decline. The increasing risk of demented elderly adults created the idea of preventing or reversing neurological disorders associated with cognitive decline. The results of the clinical investigative studies revealed according to Amador(1998) the discovery of vitamin deficiencies causing neurological and psychiatric symptoms. Further, Amador added that the potentials of Vit.B(cobalamin) deficiency has been overlooked as a treatable cause of reversible dementia. Markle(1996)critically reviewed the alteration in thought processes associated with Vit. B deficiencies and discovered several causes that contribute its loss in the bodies among elderly patients. Quadri et al(2004)further added elevated homocysteine concentration results to folate deficiency that aggravates the early risk factor for cognitive decline in elderly individuals. However Under Wright's(2000) free-radical theory of aging, he provided that the effects of "oxidative damage" are responsible for much aging particularly of the premature kind. Wright also suggested based on animal studies that diets high in anti-oxidant-rich foods may be beneficial in slowing ARCD. Among people aged 65 and older, high vitamin C and beta-carotene levels have been associated with better memory performance. Zagaria(2002)further explained that these nutrients as explained may be markers for other dietary factors responsible for protection against cognitive disorders. In most cases when physical activity is diminished, cellular metabolism is likewise affected which results to mal-absorption of nutrients that are needed by the body. Inadequate dietary intake, intake of drugs that inhibit B12 absorption, increased cobalamin excretion that can occur according to Amador in the presence of normal hematological studies. A detailed description on the role of specific nutrients in age-related cognitive decline will be discussed which includes: Vit.B (cobalamin) an d folates; antioxidants and other food products. Vit.B(cobalamin) Andel et al (2005) noticed strong evidence of connection between the low levels of vitamin B12 and warned that this is a common nutritional deficiency in the Western world. Commonly present in meat, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy products adults over 50 are mostly lacking than most people due to atropic gastritis whereby B12 absorption in the small intestine is reduced. However, it should be noted that certain acidic elements are persistent in the stomach of the elderly despite age, it is unusually unthinkable to blame the lack of needed nutrients to gastritis. Teunisse et al(1996)related that cobalamin is an essential vitamin for hematopoiesis and the maintenance of neurologic and psychiatric health. Since it is not synthesized in the body, animals must obtain Vit.B 12 from their diet. Vit.B12 works by aiding in cellular formation and longevity. Essentially it shares in the proper digestion,